NY Penal Law § 130.95: Predatory Sexual Assault

by ECL Writer
NY Penal Law § 130.95: Predatory Sexual Assault

In the realm of criminal law, certain offences stand out for their severity and the lasting trauma they inflict on victims. One such offence, Predatory Sexual Assault, is a grave crime that carries significant legal consequences. Regulated by New York Penal Law § 130.95, this offence represents a horrifying breach of trust and a threat to the safety and well-being of individuals. In this article, we delve into the depths of NY Penal Law § 130.95: Predatory Sexual Assault, exploring its legal definitions, penalties, and the impact it has on both victims and society as a whole.

Predatory Sexual Assault is a term that strikes fear into the hearts of many and for a good reason. It involves sexual misconduct taken to an extreme, and understanding its legal implications is crucial not only for legal professionals but for society as a whole.

eastcoastlwas.com aims to shed light on this serious offence, offering insight into what constitutes Predatory Sexual Assault, the legal framework surrounding it, and the broader context in which it operates. By the end of this exploration, readers will have a comprehensive understanding of this harrowing crime and its place within the realm of criminal law in New York State.


A man forces a woman to have oral sex with him before forcing her to have anal sex with him. A few days later, the same man forced another woman to perform oral sex on him, groped her breasts with his hands and mouth, and engaged in sexual activity with her against her will.

This man committed offences of criminal sexual act in the first degree and rape in the first degree by employing violent compulsion to force two different women to have sex with him. This amounts to predatory sexual assault. As a result, the prosecutor might accuse him of engaging in predatory sexual assault on the grounds that he victimized other people.

Defences For Predatory Sexual Assault

Defences to a charge of predatory sexual assault aim to challenge the elements of the underlying sex crime. Common defences include arguing that the sexual activity was consensual, disputing the use of force, presenting alibis, questioning the adequacy of evidence, challenging the accuracy of identification, addressing the severity of injuries, asserting consent withdrawal, and claiming false accusations. The availability of specific defences depends on the case’s unique circumstances, and the burden of proof lies with the prosecution to establish guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Sentence For Predatory Sexual Assault

Predatory sexual assault is a highly serious crime with severe consequences upon conviction. The penalties for this offense in New York can include:

  • Maximum Sentence: Life in prison, which signifies the gravity of the crime.
  • Minimum Sentences: Depending on prior criminal history:
    • First-Time Offender: A minimum sentence of 10 to 20 years in prison.
    • Second-Time Felony Offender: A minimum sentence of 15 years in prison.
    • Persistent Felony Offender: A minimum sentence of at least 25 years in prison.
  • Post-Release Supervision: After serving their prison term, convicted individuals will be subject to a term of post-release supervision, which involves ongoing monitoring and restrictions.
  • Sex Offender Registration: As per New York Correction Law § 168, also known as the Sex Offender Registration Act (SORA), those convicted of predatory sexual assault are required to register as sex offenders. This means they will be publicly listed on the sex offender registry, subject to certain reporting and notification requirements, and face restrictions on where they can live and work.

In summary, a conviction for predatory sexual assault can result in life imprisonment, mandatory post-release supervision, and mandatory registration as a sex offender, with the severity of the sentence depending on prior criminal history. The consequences are substantial, highlighting the serious nature of the offence in New York.

New York Penal Code § 130.95: Predatory sexual assault

It appears that you’ve provided a legal definition of “predatory sexual assault” from a legal statute or code. This definition outlines the circumstances under which a person can be charged with predatory sexual assault. Predatory sexual assault is typically a serious criminal offence that involves certain aggravating factors, making it distinct from other sexual assault or rape charges.

In the definition you provided, predatory sexual assault is committed when an individual engages in specific criminal acts, such as rape in the first degree, a criminal sexual act in the first degree aggravated sexual abuse in the first degree, or a course of sexual conduct against a child in the first degree. These are typically very serious sexual offences.

Predatory sexual assault can be charged under the following conditions:

  • Causing Serious Physical Injury: If, during the commission of the crime or while attempting to flee from it, the perpetrator causes serious physical injury to the victim.
  • Using or Threatening the Use of a Dangerous Instrument: If the perpetrator uses or threatens to use a dangerous instrument during the commission of the crime or in immediate flight from the scene.
  • Committing the Same Crime Against Additional Persons: If the perpetrator commits one of the specified crimes against one or more additional persons during the same incident.
  • Prior Felony Conviction: If the perpetrator has a prior conviction for a felony defined in the relevant legal article, incest (as defined in § 255.25 of this chapter), or the use of a child in a sexual performance (as defined in § 263.05 of this chapter).

In essence, predatory sexual assault is a charge that can result in severe penalties, especially when certain aggravating factors are present. The specific legal consequences and penalties for predatory sexual assault can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the details of the case, but it is generally treated as a very serious crime.

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